Hiiumaa, also called Hiiu, German Dagö, or Dagden, Russian Khiuma, and Swedish Dagö formed 455 million years ago as a result of a meteorite explosion, making it one of the oldest islands in the world.
Hiiu has dozens of ancient historical remains that prove its Stone Age settlements. The island got seasonally visited for fishing and hunting seals 7000 years, hence permanently inhabited 1000 BC. The written record started since 13th century right after the religious wars of Northern Crusades. The island then became owned by the Brothers of the Sword and the Teutonic Knights (Germans and Swedes). In 1560 it came under the rule of Denmark, followed by Sweden again in 1582, Russia in 1721, and eventually Estonia in 1920 (the first period of independence). The island now holds 8 museums and exhibitions houses.
Unlock the secrets of Hiiumaa
Hiiumaa situates in the Baltic Sea, northwest of the Gulf of Riga. It is a part of the West Estonian archipelago, a second biggest island to the north from the biggest island Saaremaa.
Hiiumaa is a low-lying island, composed of limestone and marine sedimentaries. It is special for its wealth of flora and fauna, the most diverse part of Estonia, offering stunning landscapes and sceneries within such a short range.